Susan Watkins, PhD

Professor, Center for Excellence Poultry Science, University of Arkansas

Susan E. Watkins

University of Arkansas System’s

Division of Agriculture

Center of Excellence for Poultry Science

1260 West Maple

Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701

479-575-7902

Appointment:  80% Extension 10% Teaching 10% Service

 

Professional Experience:

 

            Professor, University of Arkansas,                                        2010

Associate Professor, University of Arkansas,                                   2001 - 2010

Assistant Professor, University of Arkansas,                                    1996 - 2001

Research Specialist, University of Arkansas                          1991- 1996

Georges, Inc. Lab Technician                                                  1990

Quality Assurance Technician, Mahard Egg Farm                 1987-1988

            Graduate Assistant, University of Arkansas                         1984-1985

 

Education

 

BS             University of Arkansas    Animal   Science          1983

MS            University of Arkansas    Poultry Nutrition        1985

PhD           University of Arkansas    Poultry Nutrition        1997

 

Service

 

  • President- Southern Poultry Science Society                                     2013
  • Teach Introduction to Careers in Poultry Science,

       Professionalism and Poultry Production                                           2011-present

  • Director- Tyson Foods Poultry Short Course                                               2009-present
  • Poultry Science Departmental Farm Advisory Committee                2009-present
  • Poultry Science Departmental Scholarship Committee                      2009
  • Poultry Science Departmental Head Search Committee                     2009, 2003
  • Director- U of A Applied Broiler  Research Farm                             2006-present
  • Coordinator- Applied Broiler Research Farm Field Days                  2006-present
  • Poultry Science Association, Associate Editor                                              2005-present
  • Chair- Ozark Poultry Growers Symposium                                      2005-2011
  • §The Poultry Federation- Turkey Committee
    • §Secretary and Program Coordinator                            1999-present
  • §The Poultry Federation Spring Symposium Program Coordinator    1997 -present
  • §National Poultry Waste Management Symposium Committee                     1996-2006
    • §Co-Chair                                                                    2006, 2004
    • §Location Chair                                                                        1998
  • Poultry Science Departmental  Internship Coordinator                                1998-present
  • Animal Welfare Auditor Training, National Council

Chain Restaurants                                                                   2004

  • National Egg Quality School Committee                                            2000-2007
  • §Director                                                                      2004-2007
  • §U.S. Poultry & Egg Association Environmental Committee              2002-2007
  • §Poultry Science Association and FASS/ARPAS
    • §Animal Welfare Committee                                        2002
    • §Associate Editor                                                         2002-present
  • §River  Valley Poultry Producer Symposium Committee                   2001, 2002, 2004
  • §America’s Clean Water Foundation On Farm Auditor Training        2001
  • §U.S. Poultry & Egg Production and Health Committee                     2001-2007
  • §U.S. Poultry & Egg Association Student Advisory Committee         1999 -2007
  • § The Poultry Federation Poultry Producer’s Symposium, Co-Chair 1999-2002
  • §The Poultry Federation Human Relations Training                           1999-2002
  • § Tyson Foods National Environmental Awards Committee              1999, 2001
  • §Advisory/Consent Board Member, International Agricultural

Programs, University of Arkansas                                         1997-2000

  • National Poultry Waste Dialogue, Research

 and Innovative Technologies Work Team                             1997

 

PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS:

Poultry Science Association

Southern Poultry Science Society

The Poultry Federation, Poultry Improvement Committee

 

Accomplishments and Awards

 

  • §Recognized as national and international expert on  poultry drinking water quality
    • §Over 200 presentations in US, Canada, Asia, Europe and South America
  • The Arkansas Poultry Federation Chair of Poultry Science                                        2012
  • Professional Animal Auditors Compliance Organization Instructor                            2011-                                                                                                                                     present
  • U of A System’s Division of Ag John W. White Extension Specialist Award                2008
  • Top Gun Poultry Industry Problem Solver, WATT Poultry USA, November                      2006
  • U of A System’s Division of Ag CES Leadership Program Graduate                         2005
  • Industry Recognition Award, The Poultry Federation Spring Symposium                 2001
  • Mentor of the Year,  Poultry Science Club, U of A                                                     2000
  • Mentor of the Year, Poultry Science Club, U of A                                                      1998
  • Mentor of the Year, Poultry Science Club, U of A                                                     1997
  • Outstanding Graduate Student, Poultry Science Department, U of  A                        1996

 

Grants:   External: $2,211,100 (Watkins’ share: $700,100)                                                   2010- $1.5 million (Watkins share $100,000) LED energy efficient lighting evaluations and implementation for the poultry industry (U.S. Department of Energy)

 

Gifts in kind: $504,825 Funded or donated by various companies

 

Invited Presentations:        International- 25    Symposia-86    Industry Training-135

 

Journal Publications (Most Current)

Liang, Yi, M. T. Kidd, S. E. Watkins, G. T. Tabler, 2013. Impact of Commercial Broiler House    Retrofit: A Four-Year Study of Live Performance. J. Applied Poultry Science. In press.

Goodgame, S.D., F.J. Mussini, C. Lu, C.D. Bradley, S.E. Watkins and P.W. Waldroup, 2011. 

             Evaluation of a fermentation source of 25-hydroxychloecalciferol in broiler diets.  Int. J. of        

          Poultry Sci. 10:40 pp. 295-299

Yan, F. C. Coto, Z. Wang, S. Cerrate, S.E. Watkins, and P.W. Waldroup. 2010.   Comparison of  

           nutrient recommendations for broilers. Int. J. of Poult. Sci. 9 (11) 1006-1014

Watkins, S. 2009 Water Line Sanitation. Zootechnica World’s Poultry Journal, 11:30-31.

Liang, Y, G.T. Tabler, S.E. Watkins, H. Xin and I.L. Berry.  2009.  Energy use analysis of

           open-curtain vs. totally enclosed broiler houses in Northwest Arkansas, J. Am.

           Soc.  Ag.  Biol. Eng. (in press).[i]

Cornelison, J. M., F. Yan, S.E. Watkins, L. Rigby, J. B. Segal and P. W. Waldroup.  2006. 

Evaluation of hops (Humulus iupulus) as an antimicrobial in broiler diets. Internat. J.

Poult. Sci. 5: 134-136.

Payne,  J.B., E.C. Kroger and S.E. Watkins.  2005.  Evaluation of disinfectant efficacy when applied

to the floor of poultry grow-out facilities. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 14:322-329.

Watkins, S. E., C. A. Fritts, F. Yan. M.L. Wilson and P.W. Waldroup. 2005. The interaction of

sodium chloride levels in poultry drinking water and the diet of broiler chickens, J. Appl.

Poult. Res. 14:55-59.

Saleh, E. A., S. E. Watkins, A. L. Waldroup and P. W. Waldroup.  2005. Effects of early

quantitative feed restriction on live performance and carcass composition of male broilers

grown for further processing. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 14:87-93.

Saleh, E.A., S.E. Watkins, A.L. Waldroup and P.W. Waldroup.  2004. Effects of dietary nutrient

density on performance and carcass quality of male broilers grown for further processing. Internat. J. Poult. Sci. 3: 1-10.

 Saleh, E.A.,  S.E. Watkins, A.L. Waldroup and P.W. Waldroup. 2004. Considerations for

dietary nutrient density and energy feeding programs for growing large male broiler

chickens for further processing. Internat.  J. Poult. Sci. 3: 11-16.

Saleh, E.A., S.E. Watkins, A.L. Waldroup and P.W. Waldroup. 2004.  Comparison of energy

feeding programs and early feed restriction on live performance and carcass quality of large male broilers grown for further processing at 9 to 12 weeks of age.

Internat. J. Poult. Sci. 3: 61-69. 

Waldroup, P.W., S.E. Watkins, J.T. Skinner and A.D. Desai, 2002.  Stability of Bacitracin 

Methylene Disalicylate in the presence of pellet binding agents in poultry feed.

Internat. J. Poult. Sci. 1:13-15.

Madrigal, S. E., S.E. Watkins, N.B. Anthony, C.E. Wall, C.A. Fritts and P.W. Waldroup. 2002. 

Effect of dietary modifications designed to reduce early growth rate on live performance

and on incidence and severity of ascites in two commercial broiler strains when maintained under low ventilation or low temperature models.  Internat. J. Poult. Sci. 1:5-12.

Payne, J.B., E.C. Kroger and S.E. Watkins. 2002 Evaluation of litter treatments on Salmonella

recovery from poultry litter.  J. Appl. Poult. Res. 11:239-243.

 

Extension Publications

Watkins, Susan. 2012. Poultry Lighting:  LED bulbs provide energy savings and durability. FSA

             8005.

Watkins, Susan, Dustan Clark and Yvonne Thaxton. 2012. Hormones in our food:  is it for real? 

             FSA8007

Herron, Sheri, Andrew Sharpley, Susan Watkins and Mike Daniels. 2012. Poultry Litter

             Management in the Illinois River Watershed of Arkansas and Oklahoma, FSA9535

Liang, Yi, Susan E. Watkins, G. Thomas Tabler and David McCreery. 2012. Sprinkers cool birds

            and conserve water. FSA 1073.

Czarick, M., S. Watkins and B. Fairchild. 2009.  The importance of flushing cool

cells.  Georgia Poult. Extension Factsheet 21:8.

Hughes, J, B.  Dean, T. Clark and S. Watkins. 2009 Chlorination/Acidification affects

Salmonella contamination. Avian Advice 11:2.

Watkins, S. and g. Tabler. 2009.  Broiler water consumption.  Avian Advice 11:2.

Clark, T., B. Dean and S. Watkins. 2009.  Evaluation of different hydrogen

peroxide products for maintaining adequate sanitizing residual in water.  Avian Advice  11:1.

Jones, F.T. and S.E. Watkins. 2009.  How does taste influence water consumption in broilers?

Avian Advice 11:1.

Tabler, G.T., S.E. Watkins and F.T. Jones, 2008.  Litter preparation between flocks:

management is the key. Avian Advice 10:4.

Tabler, G.T., S.E. Watkins and P.A. Watkins. 2008.  Energy efficiency associated with poultry

house lighting. Avian Advice 10:3.

Dean, B.,  J. Hughes, T. Clark and S. Watkins. 2008.  Evaluation of water

acidification products. Avian Advice 10:3.

Watkins, S.E. 2008.  Water:  identifying and correcting challenges. Avian Advice 10:3.

Plyler, J. E. and S. E. Watkins, 2008.  Gut Health- is anything more important in turkey

Production?  Avian Advice 10:1.

Watkins, S. E. 2007.  In Search of the Ideal Water Line Cleaner. Avian Advice 9:1.

Plyler, J. E. and S. E. Watkins, 2007.  Keys to successful company-grower relations. Avian

Advice  9:4.

Hughes, J., A. Hancock, B. Dean and S. Watkins. 2007.  Evaluation of

water sanitizers. Avian Advice 9:4.

Watkins, S., 2006.  Clean water lines for flock health. Avian Advice 8:2.

Cornelison, J., M. Wilson and S. Watkins. 2005.  Effects of water

acidification on turkey performance. Avian Advice 7:2.

Payne, J.B., and S.E. Watkins, 2005.  Evaluation of litter treatments on Salmonella

recovery in poultry litter. Avian Advice 7:2.

Bowen, M. and S. Watkins. 2005. Impact of water acidifiers on microbial

loads in poultry drinking water. Avian Advice 7:4.

Cornelison, J., A.G. Hancock, A.G. Williams, L.B. Davis, N.L. Allen and S.E.

Watkins. 2005.  Evaluation of nipple drinkers and the Lott system for

determining appropriate water flow for broilers. Avian Advice 7:4.

Watkins, S. J. Cornelison, C. Tillery, M. Wilson and R. Hubbard.  2004.  Effect of water

acidification on broiler performance. Avian Advice 6:2.

Moore, P. A., S. Watkins, D. Carmen and P. DeLaune.  2004.  Treating poultry

litter with Alum. Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service FSA-8003.

Watkins, S., L. Newberry, M. Wilson and R. Hubbard. 2004. Water sanitation:

evaluation of products. Avian Advice  6:1.

Watkins, S.E. M. Wilson and J. Cornelison. 2003.  Litter amendments as a tool

for optimizing poultry house cleanout. Avian Advice 5:2.

Goodwin, H.L., F. T. Jones, S. Watkins and J.  Hipp, 2003. New Arkansas laws

regulate use and management of poultry litter and other nutrients. Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service FSA 29.

Donald, J. and S. Watkins. 2003. Treating poultry house floors to improve poor performance,

The Poultry Engineering, Economics and Managmetn Newsletter, Auburn University,

Issue 23.

Watkins, S. and J. Donald. 2002.  How to control rats, mice and darkling beetles, The Poultry

Engineering, Economics and Management Newsletter, Auburn University. Issue 20.

Watkins, S.E., 2002.  Fascinate then educate.  Avian Advice 4:2.

Watkins, S.E. 2002.  The campaign for water quality continues.  Avian Advice 4:3.

Watkins, S.E. and F.T. Jones.  2002.  Feed antibiotics- Can we get along without them? 

Avian Advice 4:3.

Watkins, S.E. 2002.  Don’t let rodents nibble away your profits. Avian Advice 4:1.

Watkins, S.E. 2001.  Improving darkling beetle control. Avian Advice 3:1.

Watkins, S.E. 2001.  Beat the heat! Be prepared for summer flocks, Avian Advice 3:2.

Watkins, S.E. 2001.  Litter conditioning for a healthy flock, Avian Advice 3:2.

Watkins, S.E., J.B. Payne and A.L. Waldroup.  1999.  The Bio-burner:  A New Tool for

Poultry House Sanitation.  Avian Advice 1:1

Clark, D., S. Watkins, F. Jones and R. Norton. 1997.  Understanding and

            control of gangrenous dermatitis in poultry houses.  Arkansas Cooperative

            Extension Service FSA7048

 

Trade journal Articles AND TEchnical Bulletins

Watkins, Susan and Mary Scantling , 2011.  Poultry water line cleaning: overrated or underappreciated, water sanitation and poultry flock performance. Watt Poultry USA, vol. 12 (1) pp. 36-40.

Watkins, Susan, 2011. Water Quality. www.ralconutrition.com, March

Watkins, Susan, 2011. Water for poultry health. Week 12 module, on-line master’s course for poultry veterinarians.  University of Georgia and University of Melbourne.

Watkins, Susan and Susan Sullivan, 2011.  Shine a little light. World Poultry, October

Watkins, Susan and Susan Sullivan, 2011.  Shine a little light. WorldPoultry.net, October 25, 2011.

Plyler, J. and S. Watkins. 2009.  Tips for good company & grower relations.  Poult.

Times, April.

Watkins, Susan, 2008. Clean water lines are key to ensuring flock health, profits. Schering-

Plough Animal Health Turkey Health, Issue 3.

Hughes, J.R., A. Hancock, B. Dean and S. Watkins. 2008. Which water

            sanitizer’s best.  Ozarks Farms and Neighbors, June.

Tabler, G.T., S.E. Watkins and P.A. Watkins, 2008. Energy efficiency associated with poultry

house lighting. Ozarks Farm and Neighbors. October.

Plyler, J. and S. Watkins. 2008. Keys to successful company-grower relations.  The

Drumstick, Australian Poultry Grower Newsletter, March.

Watkins, Susan, 2007.  Water line sanitation, Nicholas Turkey Technical Brief.

Watkins, S.E, 2007. Water line sanitation, Aviagen Fact Sheet

Watkins, S. and J. Donald. 2007. Controlling rats, mice and darkling beetles. Poult.

Times Supplement, March.

Watkins, S. 2007.  Practical steps to clean water, WATT Poultry USA, January.

Cornelison, J., M. Wilson and S. Watkins. 2006.  Effects of water acidification on

turkey performance.  Zootechnica International World’s Poult. J.  5:26-28.

Watkins, Susan, 2006. Clean water lines for flock health, Cobb-Vantress Technical Bulletin.

Watkins, S.E. 2006.  Water quality and sanitation.  Zootechnica International World’s Poult.

J., 2;22-27.

Watkins, S., J. Cornelison, C. Tillery, M. Wilson, and R. Hubbard, 2006.  Researchers

study effects of water acidification on broiler performance. Poultry Times, January.

Watkins, S.E. 2005. Impact of sanitizers and line cleaners on aerobic bacteria levels in

nipple drinkers. Zootechnica International World’s J.  February.

Watkins, S. 2005.  Acidified water may not affect turkey growth. Feedstuffs, December.

Cornelison, J. M. Wilson and S. Watkins. 2005.  Effects of water acidification on turkey

Performance.  Poultry Times. November.

Watkins, S.E. 2005.  Impact of drinking water pH on broiler performance. Poultry

Tribune, May/June.

Watkins, S. E., C.A. Fritts, F. Yan, M.L. Wilson and P.W. Waldroup. 2005. Nutritionists

should adjust dietary salt for broilers to account for salt in the water supply. Poultry International.  May.

Watkins, S.E. 2005.Impact of drinking water pH on broiler performance. Poultry Tribune.

May/June.

Cornelison, J., A.G. Hancock, A.G. Williams, L.B. Davis, N.L. Allen and S.E.

Watkins. 2005.  Appropriate water flow necessary for broiler growth.

Feedstuffs.  January.

Watkins, S.E. 2005.  Impact of sanitizers and line cleaners on Aerobic Bacteria Levels

in Nipple Drinkers, Zootechnica International World’s Poult. J.  February.

Watkins, S. 2004. On farm options, Watt Poultry USA, October..

Watkins, S. 2003. Assuring quality drinking water an ongoing process, Poultry Times. June..

Watkins, S.E. 2002. Rodents, unless checked can nibble away profits.  Poultry Times.

September.